R4D Health

Global Health

R4D leverages extensive networks and expertise to improve health and achieve equity in health outcomes for all people around the world. Whether it's assessing policies that can support research and development on new drugs and vaccines, exploring innovations in healthcare and connecting innovators to each other or to investors, supporting the growing global movement for universal health coverage, or producing on-demand research and forecasting to help countries and global institutions plan their healthcare futures, R4D’s global health work unlocks new possibilities for global health actors worldwide.

Featured Global Health Resources

During a child’s first 1,000 days of life, critical cognitive and physical developments occur that play a major role in determining his or her success later in life. For millions of children, preventable threats like undernutrition and micronutrient deficiencies can cloud the future. The good news is that there is hope on the horizon.
The Center for Health Market Innovations (CHMI) launched The Primary Care Innovator’s Handbook: Voices from Leaders in the Field. The Handbook is an attempt to share knowledge between innovators in an open and informal way, and to encourage more conversations of this style among the community of innovators working to improve primary care.

Global Health Resources

Tax Reform and Resource Mobilization for Health examines whether improvements in tax revenue performance due to tax administration reform result in...
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Investing in Nutrition: The Foundation for Development summarizes the analysis of the costs, impacts, and investments needed to achieve the targets...
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To support the Indian government in addressing malnutrition, Results for Development, with funding from the Children’s Investment Fund Foundation,...
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From the World Bank and authored by R4D Senior Program Director Cheryl Cashin, this study outlines the key components of the macroeconomic, fiscal,...
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In a collection of articles that cover a broad range of media outlets, Vinod Thomas, Gina Lagomarsino, Andrew Steer and Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, discuss...
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A report published jointly by R4D, Gavi and the WHO in the journal Health Policy and Planning, presents findings from a pilot experience in 2012...
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A comprehensive new set of health metrics is now widely available for use by healthcare delivery organizations and their funders and investors. The...
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Authored by a team from the Results for Development Institute (R4D), the study titled, “Funding AIDS Programs in the Era of Shared Responsibility”...
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ICSF and the Toronto Health Organization Performance Evaluation (T-HOPE) team at the University of Toronto published a groundbreaking report on ways...
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In this report, R4D with generous support from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, outlines three options to support stronger monitoring and...
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Much evidence has been generated over the past decade about the essential interventions that must be delivered along the continuum of care to save...
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Significant headway towards achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and Education for All (EFA) goals has been made since their...
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In this paper, we describe these trends as a “health financing transition” to provide a conceptual framework for understanding shorter term analyses...
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This research reviews reforms in four developing countries over the past 15 years: Colombia, Ghana, Vietnam, and the Philippines. The research...
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The purpose of this paper is to examine variations in the efficiency with which pooled funds are used to secure coverage, in the form of access to...
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The main goal of this study is to contribute to the UHC debate by providing robust empirical evidence on the causal link from national levels of...
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This paper examines the histories of attaining universal health coverage in four countries – Sweden, Japan, Chile and Malaysia. It shows that...
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This paper analyzes how total health spending and its components (public vs. private, out of pocket vs. prepaid or insured) depend on income (level,...
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Results for Development Institute published a study in the May 1 issue of the Bulletin of the World Health Organization demonstrating that...
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The Center for Global Health R&D Policy Assessment released its latest assessment, “Patent Pools: Assessing Their Value-Added for Global Health...
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This report uses the tax credit proposal HR 3156 in order to assess the value of a neglected disease R&D tax credit more broadly. After...
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The Center’s assessment of pooled funding for global health R&D, which was led by technical consultants Cheri Grace and Mark Pearson, addresses...
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This landscaping report points out how open source models in health depart from their IT predecessors and lays out practical steps for moving the...
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A country’s capacity to effectively implement policies and programs has long been recognized as crucial for its progress. This paper discusses shared...
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Lack of assistance has already led some Lower Middle Income Countries (LMICs) to fall behind in requiring children to be vaccinated from vaccine-...
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The Center for Global Health R&D Policy Assessment’s report “Prizes for Global Health Technologies” addresses how prizes may be used to spur...
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In the aftermath of the Great Recession, donor countries continue to face years of protracted growth and budgetary constraints. Affinity MacroFinance...
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How can Cambodia best fight its HIV/AIDS epidemic? This report examines the long-term costs and epidemiological projections of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia.
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South Africa is facing a mounting financial challenge in its fight against the growing HIV/AIDS epidemic. With 5.7 million people currently infected...
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This paper, developed in partnership with the United Nations Foundation mHealth Alliance, provides an outline of key economic and financial questions...
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In a review in The Lancet, authors from the financing group of the aids2031 project address critical questions about HIV/AIDS, taking a long-term...
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This report, produced in partnership with the Engelberg Center for Health Care Reform at the Brookings Institution, explores lessons learned for the...
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Earlier this year, a group of South Africa's forfront HIV experts met to share ideas on how to best reduce the epidemic. This Global Health Magazine...
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This book recommends a series of actions that can move the world toward a better future in dealing with AIDS, while using financial resources in a...
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Results for Development Managing Director Robert Hecht responds to the New York Times front page article, "At Front Lines, Global War On AIDS Is...
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In this report Hecht, Palriwala and Rao discuss the history of U.S. involvement in innovative financing for global health and potential opportunities...
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The secretariat of the Health Financing Task Force at the Results for Development Institute prepared this paper for the 25th meeting of the UNAIDS...
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This paper examines potential long-term costs and financing options for the global AIDS response under four different scenarios and provides policy...
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Given finite donor funding and the likelihood of future scarcity, the GAVI Alliance requested an analysis of possible parameters to allow for...
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As part of the Board's request to study and revise its existing eligibility criteria, certain countries currently receiving GAVI aid are expected to...
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The GAVI Alliance Board requested its country eligibility policy be reviewed and revised during 2009. The results of the study can be found in this...
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The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) spent 2009 reviewing its policy to determine whether or not a country is eligible to receive...
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This article is based on the synthesis report Public Stewardship of Private Providers in Mixed Health Systems
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The Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars’ Global Health Initiative (GHI) worked with consultants in Ghana, Senegal, and Uganda to assess...
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This paper incorporates results from several of the aids2031 working groups to examine the costs and financial implications of changing the current...
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This paper assesses the costs of antiretroviral drug (ARV) procurement and identifies policies that could help to lower costs, improve efficiency,...
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This paper presents recent findings regarding costs and cost-effectiveness of AIDS prevention, treatment and care interventions, which can be used to...
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This is an excerpt from the synthesis report on "Public Stewardship of Private Providers in Mixed Health Systems".
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This report estimates Liberia’s resource requirements for scaling up the country’s workforce plans.
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This report estimates the Philippine resource requirements for scaling up the country’s workforce plans.
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This report estimates Uganda’s resource requirements for scaling up the country’s workforce plans.
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This report estimates Mozambique’s resource requirements for scaling up the country’s workforce plans.
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This report estimates Ethiopia’s resource requirements for scaling up the country’s workforce plans.
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This report estimates Ghana’s resource requirements for scaling up the country’s workforce plans.
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A case study focusing on the implementation of the World Bank's Strategy and Action Plan Self-Assessment Tool (SAT) in Honduras.
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This background paper examines costing practices, cost-effectiveness data and prioritization processes in national HIV/AIDS strategic plans.
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This paper discusses the possible role of the philanthropic sector in funding the fight against HIV/AIDS over the next 10 to 20 years.
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How could HIV and AIDS resources be allocated to achieve the greatest possible impact? This paper begins with a theoretical discussion of this issue...
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Donor assistance for AIDS is a primary source of funding in developing countries. The economic crisis and subsequent reduction in donor funding has...
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In this paper we explore the importance of how funding for AIDS has helped to strengthen health systems in the past and the role it can play in the...
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Discussion of estimates of future resource availability for AIDS, and necessary political space needed to use resources effectively. Results indicate...
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Cost effective approaches to AIDS interventions in countries with low and concentrated epidemics. By focusing on interventions aimed at the Most at...
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The RRT helps countries estimate and project the cost of planned HRH employment and pre-service training as well as the affordability of these plans.
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This paper outlines the functionalities and uses of the Resource Requirements Tool (RRT).
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This document explains seven financing and economic issues that matter for health workforce scale-up and financing. It then states twenty-nine...
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This paper synthesizes the human resources for health (HRH) health financing work conducted to date and sets out the topics requiring additional...
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The report characterizes supply chains, analyzes the potential to invest in private sector initiatives, and makes recommendations for key...
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The report identifies and characterizes a number of contracting models that exist in the Zambian health sector.
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The paper reviews various purchasing models and the advantages each offers for purchasing from the private sector.
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The paper describes performance-based incentive contracting schemes implemented in developing countries.
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This paper examines the literature on governments’ capacity to regulate health providers and identifies key constraints to governments' ability to...
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The State of Andhra Pradesh in India has recently taken several innovative approaches to improve access to healthcare. This report presents the major...
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The report discusses the challenges of introducing and scaling smaller, voluntary riskpooling programs in an attempt to constructively consider how...
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The report reviewed the literature on a number of innovative service delivery models, isolating business processes that could be applied more broadly...
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This paper develops a framework for designing and implementing healthcare delivery innovations aimed at making markets work better for poor people.
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The paper seeks to explain the very large differences in per capita spending on healthcare across countries and determines that almost all (more than...
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Employing qualitative and quantitative research methodologies, the report assesses the attitudes of global and national stakeholders toward the...
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The paper analyzes Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) from low and middle income countries data and reveals a wide variation in the role of informal...
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This report describes 33 innovative pro-poor healthcare financing and delivery programs in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa that are led by or...
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This report outlines the large and complex private markets for healthcare and emphasizes the importance of effective stewardship by governments of...
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This paper looks at the challenges China faces in implementing reforms to improve how health care is paid for and ways in which these challenges can...
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This short article describes how well-implemented public or private health insurance programs create a platform for pooled strategic purchasing that...
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This proposes a results‐based contracting approach that builds on current and previous successes in leveraging private sector organizations that...
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Funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation as part of the Brookings Institution's two year Global Health Financing Initiative, this working...
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The questionnaire is designed to help MLI staff and the designated Ministry of Health leadership team identify specific focal areas for development...
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This fictional case study was created by Results for Development on the topic of community-based health insurance as a way to explore approaches to...
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In 2008, Bitran y Asociados developed a case study for the Ministerial Leadership Initiative about the politics of the AUGE health reform in Chile....
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