R4D Governance


R4D’s Governance Program believes that the key to improving the efficiency and quality of public spending and services, and thus people’s access to basic rights, is to strengthen citizens’ ability to hold their government accountable. R4D’s work to enhance accountability is based on three main approaches: strengthening non-governmental organizations’ and citizens’ capacity to undertake accountability work; developing and disseminating tools and lessons to support accountability work; and strengthening government’s capacity and political will to work with civil society in a way that improves spending and services. Read More...

Featured Governance Resources

In partnership with the University of Washington, Results for Development Institute has undertaken a rigorous 15-month research study to provide a better understanding of how context, think tank performance, and think tank decisions are related.  The resulting paper provides new evidence and insight into many questions that may help think tank executive directors, staff, and donors alike better assess their context and respond effectively.  

Social Accountability is an approach that can help solve these problems by making government services and spending more effective. It involves informing communities of their entitlements, training them to monitor services, and empowering them to demand change. This video uses the example of a pregnant mother to depict how civil society-led efforts can lead to improved maternal and child health outcomes, and more!

Governance Resources

In a collection of articles that cover a broad range of media outlets, Vinod Thomas, Gina Lagomarsino, Andrew Steer and Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala, discuss central issues at the heart of economic growth.

In a series of interviews with partners on the Transparency and Accountability Program, civil society leaders from Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, and Burkina Faso present their views on the value of social accountability and examples of why it works.

R4D consolidated all knowledge products and learnings which emerged from the Think Tank Policy Engagement and Communications Program into a toolkit for think tank researches and communications officers.

In this report, R4D with generous support from the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, outlines three options to support stronger monitoring and accountability (M&A), particularly social accountability, around Family Planning 2020 and family planning more broadly.

Recognising that transparency, accountability and participation around budgets and service delivery enhance their efficiency and effectiveness, national governments and the broader development community have deepened efforts to make government more open. While these initiatives are laudable, they typically lack true ownership and accountability.

A country’s capacity to effectively implement policies and programs has long been recognized as crucial for its progress. This paper discusses shared program design elements for capacity building across R4D's portfolio that have shown promise so far and have been well received by the beneficiary countries and groups.

Dennis de Tray, R4D Principal, in a new working paper addresses both capacity building as the bedrock of international development assistance and areas where it can be improved. He argues that the international community’s record on this front is not what it should be and offers strategic insight into how they can do better. He also argues that this problem is most serious in poor, weak and capacity constrained countries.

From the Ground Up argues that the international community's efforts to improve public expenditure and budget execution decisions would be more effective if done in collaboration with local independent monitoring organizations.

The paper develops an analytical framework applied to India, Uganda, and Afghanistan for conceptualizing the governance/stewardship function within health systems and the role of government in the context of an expanded role for private service provision and financing.

This paper aims to identify themes emerging from practice within, and recent efforts to improve, public financial management (PFM) systems in Africa. Given the themes identified, it also seeks to suggest a perspective on the role non-governmental civil society organizations (CSO) could play in strengthening PFM in the future.

This working paper is based on a review of a sample of Country Procurement Assessment Reports undertaken in twenty-three Sub-Saharan countries. The paper analyzes the procurement systems and seeks to find ways to improve the quality of public expenditures.

Starting with the evidence of weak links between public spending and human development outcomes, this discussion paper takes an extensive look at the theoretical and empirical literature relating public resources allocation and measures of governance, transparency, and accountability.

Independent Monitoring Organizations (IMOs)- policy research and advocacy organizations that pursue transparency and accountability issues- can be key players in improving the collection and expenditure of government revenues. This paper analyzes areas where many IMOs' work could be improved and explores programs that aim to improve IMOs.

Recently there has been a surge of activity among Civil Society Organizations in India.  This paper analyzes this development, including impact, shortcomings and challenges Indian organizations face in the years to come.

This paper reviews recent measures to improve fiscal transparency in Nigeria, highlights the role played by civil society organizations (CSOs), and identifies strategies which CSOs and government officials in various African countries may adopt in order to promote more constructive and transparent dialogue on fiscal management issues.

The objective of this paper is to review about 20 Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys (PETS) and related literature produced since the mid-1990s to identify common problems and lessons learned to improve the quality of public spending in the social sectors via civil society oversight and involvement.

This paper reviews roughly 60 Public Expenditure Reviews (PERs) conducted by the World Bank in virtually all regions of the world, and defines common problems and proposed solutions to improve the impact, quality, and equity of public spending.

This book seeks out, areas in which governments could focus to improve the quality public expenditures. It seeks to identify cross-cutting strengths and weaknesses of public financial management and procurement systems and the characteristics of, and lessons learned from reform programs.

This book, published as part of the Transparency and Accountability Program, a research project of the Brookings Institution and Results for Development, highlights the need for an analytical framework to utilize in reforms for improving governance.